1975 Directive on Waste 75/442/EEC; 91/156EC ELT are classified as “non hazardous waste”.
1999 Landfill Directive (1999/31/EC): Includes a total ban on the landfilling of passenger car and truck tires (whole tires by 2003 and shredded tires by 2006).
2000 End-of-Life-Vehicle Directive (2000/53/EC): Vehicle dismantlers are required to remove tires prior to vehicle demolition to ensure that tires and/or tire parts do not go to landfills. 85% of scrap tires to be recovered starting in 2006 increasing to 95% by 2015, Tires to be dismantled from vehicles increasing ELT arising by 10%

Incineration of Waste Directive (2000/76/EC): Fixes emission standards for all cement kilns starting in 2002, Older cement kilns prohibited from burning ELT after 2008.
2003 COM(2003)572 Towards a thematic strategy on the Sustainable use of natural resources with a focus on material recycling: Stated the Commission’s goal of becoming a recycling society as a means of reducing reliance upon natural resources and substituting secondary materials.
2005 COM(2005)666 Taking sustainable use of resources forward: Prevention and recycling of waste ; The waste hierarchy was further defined and a working definition of ‘recycling’ provided

COM(2005)670 Thematic strategy on the sustainable use of natural resources (Annexes, IA): reaffirms the five-step management hierarchy
2006 Regulation (EC) 1013/2006 Revisions on the shipments of waste – Requirements for the notification of waste transports were strengthened, requiring complete notifications of wastes, including tires, within the EU

REACH Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 and Directive 2006/121/EC adapting 67/548 EEC to REACH: (Regulation for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) applies to all chemicals, making industry bear responsibility to manage the risks posed by chemicals and provide appropriate safety information to their users. Requiring the registration of substances – including those that have been recycled, including tires and granulate, etc.
2008 Revised Framework Directive on Waste 2008/98/EC: Focuses on the EU becoming a ‘recycling society’. It includes the five-step hierarchy, definitions of recycling and by-products, and when ‘waste ceases to be waste’, identifying tires as a target for identifying specific criteria for EOW status.